Protohistoric village

Archeology · Campomarino

The Protohistoric Village lies not far from the sea, in Arcora, in Campomarino. It is located on a terrace bordered by a high ridge which worked as a natural defense and, on the other side, by a wall with large holes inside, which hosted the poles of a palisade. It is one of the earliest witnesses of protohistoric villages on the Molisan coastline. Dating of the settlement is not accurate, but its different phases of population are included between the 9th century B. C. E.  (late Bronze Age – early Iron Age) and 7th century B. C. E.

On the large terrace there are two settlement areas. The first one extends northwest, along the ridge: it’s a group of structures, mostly interred on the backside, preceded by a portico with a gravel floor. Behind one of the huts, a baby grave was found, perfectly aligned with the house.
The second area, more extended, populated and better explored, is located on the southeast of the terrace. The superficiality of the stratigraphies and the recent interventions make the comprehension of the single settlement units and their planimetric articulation complicated. It’s sure that there are rectangular huts with one of the two short sides shaped like an apse.
Often, storage jars fixed in the floor can be found into the houses, and even cooking areas (cookers made of clay) are visible. The elevation, observing some coating rests and the holes’ shape, was made with poles, canes and branches covered by a sort of plaster – a mix of clay and straw. Between the huts on the ridge and the ones in the inland there is a free space, probably used for common activities.

The numerous finds and the rests of fauna and flora leave an idea about the activities and the organization inside this settlement. Some buildings should have “specialized” functions. For instance, a large number of washers and loom weights were found in one of the houses, as like as the cookers are mostly located in other areas. Jars for conservation are located in other places. Among the vegetable rests, legumes clearly prevail over cereals. Evident hints of cereal breaking were found inside a jar, in another one there are clear traces of grape consumption, probably referring to wine production. The rests of eaten meals, in particular animal bones, were stored just outside the huts, thus making a functional floor lay together with chopped pieces of ceramics, small stones and pebbles. These bone fragments belong mostly to breeding animals like pigs and goats.


Address

Campomarino - Località Arcora

Site is visitable and accessible
Phone number

0874.427313

Mail

sar-mol@beniculturali.it

Opening time

Always open.

Useful links

Website Protohistoric village